Studies and reports

 The EU Blue Economy Report 2021 (European Commission, 2021)

  • The report provides an update on the economic performance of both established and emerging sectors across the EU Member States.Blue Economy Report 2021 Pagina 001
  • It provides also an overview of the impacts of Brexit and Covid-19 crisis on EU Blue Economy.
  • It includes a case study on "European Boating Industry: COVID impacts on recreational boating"  (page71). 

 

 

The EU Blue Economy Report 2021 (PDF)


The EU Blue Economy Report 2020 (European Commission, 2020)

  • Based on 2018 data collected from Eurostat.
  • Includes specific information for each sectoBlue Economy report 2020r in the blue economy, including “building of pleasure and sporting boats”, “repair and maintenance of ships and boats” and “coastal and maritime tourism”. This is broken down at national level for key indicators, such as employment, value added, turnover, gross profit margin and other key indicators.
  • Also includes a case study on “The Recreational Boating Industry: Made in Europe” (page 150).

The EU Blue Economy Report 2020 (PDF)

Annexes with country-specific information: Annex I, Annex II.

Online dashboard to view the data.


The EU Blue Economy Report 2019 imageThe EU Blue Economy Report 2019 (European Commission, 2019)

  • Assesses the potential of oceans and coasts in leading to sustainable economic growth and seeks to support the development of management policies that will ensure this.
  • Includes new maritime sub-sectors compared to the previous edition, such as marine equipment and machinery (in "Shipbuilding and repair").
  • For the first time, the report comprises an overview of the EU sea basins.
  • Includes specific information for each sector in the blue economy, broken down at national level for key indicators (employment, value added, turnover, gross profit margin, etc.).

The EU Blue Economy Report 2019 (PDF)


Blue Economy policy paperBlue Economy in the Mediterranean - Policy Paper (InnoBlueGrowth, 2019)

  • Sets forward a list of objectives and actions for promoting the Blue Economy in the Mediterranean based on the technical and policy results of the Blue Growth Community projects.
  • One of its focal sectors is the yachting industry for which specific recommendations were developed.

Blue Economy in the Mediterranean - Policy Paper (PDF)


The 2018 annual economic report on blue economy imgThe 2018 Annual Economic Report on EU Blue Economy (European Commission, 2018)

  • This first Annual Economic Report of the EU Blue Economy intends to measure the trends, performance and progress of the Blue Economy in Europe.
  • It looks into the established maritime sectors (living resources; marine extraction and oil and gas; ports, warehousing and water projects; shipbuilding and repair; coastal tourism) but also at some emerging innovative sectors (marine renewable energy; blue bioeconomy; desalination; deep-seabed mining; coastal and environmental protection).

The 2018 Annual Economic Report on EU Blue Economy (PDF)


Education and business study imgBest practices and user stories (collection of documents) (European Commission, 2018)

  • This compendium of documents puts together initiatives in Europe that contribute to developing the skills of maritime professionals and making them fit for the diverse needs of an evolving maritime economy.

Bridging education and business in the blue economy (PDF) - includes initiatives that focus on the link between education and industry in the maritime economy.

Lifelong learning, mobility and new training programs in the blue economy (PDF) - includes initiatives that focus on digitalisation and globalisation, and the new opportunities and unforeseen challenges that technology has brought upon the sector.

Ocean literacy (PDF) - includes intiatives that have the objective of increasing ocean knowledge.


Business development assessment imgAssessment of the Impact of Business Development Improvements around Nautical Tourism (ICF, 2016 - report prepared for the European Commission)

  • The objective of this study was to provide the European Commission with evidence to inform decisions about the development of EU policy on issues relevant to nautical tourism.
  • For a predefined set of nautical tourism topics, the objectives were: to explore and identify problems affecting market performance; to identify policy options that address the causes of these problems; and to analyse the expected impacts of the list of policy options.

Assessment of the Impact of Business Development Improvements around Nautical Tourism (PDF)


Competitiveness study imgStudy on the competitiveness of the recreational boating sector (Ecorys, 2015 - report prepared for the European Commission)

  • After the Commission communication "A European Strategy for more Growth and Jobs in Coastal and Maritime Tourism", which underlined the importance of coastal and maritime tourism, especially for employment for the whole economy, the Directorate-General for Entreprise and Industry ordered this study to assess the overall competitiveness of the recreational boating sector.
  • The study identifies the main factors influencing the competitive performance of the EU recreational boating industry and provides policy recommendations on how the competitiveness of this sector in Europe could be improved.
  • It analyses the demand for recreational boating in Europe.
  • It analyses the boat manufacturing sector and the services sector.
  • It presents scenarios and recommendations to improve the EU’s growth and employment strategy.

Study on the competitiveness of the recreational boating sector (PDF)


MPA report imgReport from the Commission on the progress in establishing marine protected areas (European Commission, 2015)

  • The Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires Member States to adopt programmes of measures to achieve good environmental status in their marine waters by 2020. These progrmmes shall include spatial protection measures contributing to coherent and representative networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). This is the report on the progress in establishing marine protected areas

Report from the Commission on the progress in establishing marine protected areas (PDF)


COM 2014 EU strategy on growthA European Strategy for more Growth and Jobs in Coastal and Maritime Tourism - Communication from the Commission (European Commission, 2014)

  • Following the Commission's 2010 Communication announcing a strategy for sustainable coastal and maritime tourism, this Communication from 2014 proposes joint responses to the multiple challenges, with a view to capitalising on Europe's strengths and enabling it to substantially contribute to the Europe 2020 objectives for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.

A European Strategy for more Growth and Jobs in Coastal and Maritime Tourism - Communication from the Commission (PDF)


EP 2012 Design Categories of Watercrafts imageDesign Categories of Watercrafts (European Parliament, 2012)

  • Design categories of watercrafts are one of the essential safety requirements which should be met and assigned through conformity assessment procedure required before placing watercrafts on the market.
  • This briefing note analyses if amending the design categories for recreational crafts and watercrafts can contribute to more precise and more appropriate criteria for design categories, while reflecting the terms used in the relevant international harmonised standards.

Design Categories of Watercrafts (PDF)


Nautical activities and environment study imgNautical activities: what impact on the environment? - A life cycle approach for "clear blue" boating (European Confederation of Nautical Industries, 2009)

  • This study is structured in order to follow the life-cycle approach of a boat, and identifies its environmental impact from its conception and manufacturing stage, through its useful life and related operations, concluding with its disposal at its end of life.

Nautical activities: what impact on the environment? - A life cycle approach for "clear blue" boating (PDF)


 

Complementary study on emission reduction measures 2008 imageComplementary Impact Assessment study on possible emission reduction measures for recreational marine craft engines (Arcadis Belgium, 2008 - report prepared for the European Commission)

  • This study complements the one below (ECNI 2006), and assesses the most ambitious feasible scenario to maximise the emission reduction potential of recreational craft engines, while at the same time mitigating the social and economic impact on SMEs that could result from such approach.

Complementary Impact Assessment study on possible emission reduction measures for recreational marine craft engines (link to executive summary and final report)


Study on possible scenarios on emission reduction measures 2006 imageStudy on The Feasibility and Impact of Possible Scenarios for Further Emission Reduction Measures for Recreational Craft Engines (European Confederation of Nautical Industries, 2006 - report prepared for the European Commission)

  • The study's objective was to identify and analyse the possible regulatory scenarios that could be put in place to improve the environmental characteristics of engines used in recreational marine craft.

Study on The Feasibility and Impact of Possible Scenarios for Further Emission Reduction Measures for Recreational Craft Engines (link to report and associated documents)


 

Study on engines 2004 imageStudy on the environmental performance of recreational marine engines (TNO Automotive, 2004 - report prepared for the European Commission)

  • The study reports assesses the environmental impact of the use of propulsion engines of recreational craft, including the impact on air quality, on local water quality, and on noise.
  • The study also anlyses different options for improvement, and gives an extensive overview of the fleet and the market.

Stocktaking study on the current status and developments of technology and regulations related to the environmental performance of recreational marine engines (link to executive summary and final report)